East India’s cultural capital, Kolkata, boasts British colonial elegance, which is expressed through architecture, gardens, and legendary cricket grounds.
Be sure to visit Kolkata during tailor-made East India tours – a city interwoven with an artistic and spiritual passion that is undeniably Bengali.
The Northern hills are synonymous with serenity and tea in Darjeeling and Assam, whereas the legacy of the Buddha’s enlightenment will come alive in Bodhgaya and Sikkim when you tour East India.
East India includes the beautiful states of Assam, Sikkim, West Bengal, Odisha and Jharkhand.
Calcutta, renamed Kolkata in 2001, is undoubtedly the largest city in the region.
For centuries, this fertile deltaic region has seen the rise and fall of many dynasties, including the famous Nanda, Kalinga and the Pala dynasties.
The powerful Magadha and Maurya dynasties dominated the East for a while and received many visitors including the revered Buddha. In Bengal, literature and the arts flourished. Eventually, the region succumbed to Mughal Emperor Akbar, who ushered in a prosperous time.
European traders took over various parts of the country in the 17th century.
It was popularly believed that Job Charnock, an employee of the British East India Company, established the city of Calcutta in 1686.
The first mutiny against British rule started in East India in 1857 and signalled the beginning of the struggle for Indian independence.
The Indian National Congress was founded in Calcutta and great poets such as Rabindranath Tagore championed the Indian cause.
Many years and much violence later, India became independent in 1947.
Bengal was divided into West Bengal, where the Hindus were to reside, and East Pakistan where the Muslim fled.
During the next few decades, as East Pakistan struggled for independence and finally became Bangladesh, hundreds of thousands of refugees poured into eastern India.
Today, after many years of economic, political and social struggle, the region is developing steadily.
When Queen Victoria became the Empress of India, Calcutta was declared the capital of the British raj. On one of our private India tours, see the Victoria Memorial – a major archaeological attraction of Kolkata, which stands as testimony to the Empress’s reign. The one-winged angel that stands on the top of the building is included in many of the region’s children’s stories.
East India has housed many great educational centers over the centuries, including the famous Nalanda University which was located near Patna.
Bengali is the dominant language of West Bengal, Oriya is spoken in Orissa, Assamese which is closely related to Bengali is commonly spoken in Assam while the Biharis speak Bhojpuri and the Sikkimese Nepali.
The majority of the population is a mixture of Hindus and Muslims, with a smattering of Christians, Buddhists and Sikh minorities. In this region, most Hindus worship the revered deities Shiva, Durga, and Kali.
Our tailor-made East India tours will take you to Kolkata – touted as the Cultural Capital of India as well as the City of Joy.
An eclectic mixture of colonial conventions and urban living, Kolkata has plenty of gentlemen’s clubs, a race course, vintage cars rallies, malls, business centers and nightlife.
Patna, on the other hand, is a chaotic, bustling city and the center of Bihar’s economy.
The Easterners are well-known for their art and cultural pursuits – most Bengalis are aspiring singers and the government of West Bengal has decreed that Rabindrasangeet – Bengali music by Rabindranath Tagore, be played at all traffic signals!
The region also has a dominant folk music and art culture, for which the bauls and fakirs from rural areas are mainly responsible.
Odisha is famous for an ancient form of classical dance – Odissi. Assamese culture is rich in symbolism, and festivals, dance, music, and drama are important aspects of the culture.
The region also boasts some wonderful cricket teams, football clubs, some of Asia’s most beautiful golf courses, polo, rowing and tennis clubs.
Home to majestic mountains of the southern Himalayan range, Sikkim offers much peace and solitude away from the urban centers.
It is no surprise that the states of Eastern India, which are located on the fertile Gangetic delta, produce and consume a whole lot of rice.
Vegetables and fruits grow here in abundance and the area contains a healthy balance of vegetarians and non-vegetarians.
In Bengal and Odisha, which lie near water bodies, fish is a staple.
Bihari cuisine is known for some delicious meat-based dishes while Sikkim and Assam bears traces of Tibetan and Chinese influence.
Bengali cuisine has many takers in the neighboring states of Bihar, Odisha, Sikkim and Assam, given the large population of Bengalis in these areas.
Lentils and vegetables are a staple part of a Bengali meal, which is rounded off with fish and even meat. The flavors are generally subtle although some dishes can be rather spicy!
The food here is served in courses, according to French eating traditions, rather than all together.
Food in Bengal also bears traces of pan-Asian and pan-Indian influence.
At the Chinese settlement called Tangra in Kolkata, delicious Indianised-Chinese food awaits you, while the back alleys of Esplanade offer scrumptious Mughal cuisine.
Bengal is also famous for the myriad variety of sweet treats as well as for the ubiquitous flavored betel leaf, which is also popular in Assam.
Locally available ingredients are most important when it comes to Oriya cuisine, which is delicately flavored, unlike regular Indian fare.
Few people in Odisha are vegetarian and fish and crab meat is a rather important part of the diet.
Oriyas are known to have a sweet tooth and no meal is complete without a generous helping of dessert.
Where clocks stand still, get a taste of India’s history under British rule. Colonial mansions, hillside tea plantations and breathtaking views of the mighty Himalayas ensure your private Darjeeling tour is both unique and inspiring.
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