The culture of Chile is reflective of its mix of indigenous tribes and descendants of Spanish colonialists, and is also a result of its geographic isolation from the rest of South America. In general, Chileans are warm, creative, family-oriented people, though somewhat more formal than some of their Latin American neighbors.
As you tour through Chile, you’ll find that it’s home to a plethora of famous creative minds and unique cultural identities, specifically Nobel Prize-winning poet Pablo Neruda and author Isabel Allende.
You can see a lot of indigenous influence on the country during your Chile tour, especially from the Mapuche and the Araucanians found in the South. On Easter Island, the Polynesian Rapa Nui culture is strongly represented to this day.
Meet the huaso, a type of cowboy. Huasos are popular folkloric figures in central Chile and are part of the nationalist identity. The folk dance associated with the huaso is the cuenca, which is Chile’s national dance. In the far south of Patagonia one can find gaucho culture, another type of cowboy that is very similar to the Argentinean gaucho due to the geographic proximity and shared influences – this was a borderless region until modern times.
Top Chile Travel Tip – Culture:
Include a visit to Valparaiso on New Years’ Eve in your tailor-made luxury Chile tours and you won’t be disappointed. The city holds a World Record from 2007 for having the largest number of fireworks go off on a single evening, at the New Year’s Pyrotechnic Festival (which is held every year)!
Cuisine of Chile
With over 2000 miles of Pacific coastline, Chile boasts some of the world’s best seafood. Try some delicious wine on your Chile tour. The country is famous for its exquisite wines, which are a result of its incredible geography and climate.
The central valleys produce full-bodied red wines like Cabernet and Carmenere while the coastal ranges offer you pleasure of trying delicious whites such as Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc on your private Chile tour. In addition, Chile also has incredible fresh produce so its cuisine is full of fresh flavors. A convivivial evening spent by the barbecue pit is an essential part of your Chile travel package. All Chileans enjoy a good barbecue, especially during family get-togethers. In Patagonia, gauchosare known to roast lamb on a spit with an open fire.
Expect to dine at odd hours during your Chile tour as mealtimes are different than elsewhere in the world. Dinner is between 8:30 pm and 11:30pm, lunch can be anytime between 12.30 pm and 4 pm while tea or coffee is served during a tea break called las onces around 5 or 6 pm.
Whet your appetite with some typical Chile food:
- Curanto: stew made from various shellfish
- Machas a la parmesana: parmesan clams
- Fresh salmon: the name says it all!
- Asado: a type of barbecue particularly favored during family gatherings
- Completo: a type of hot dog loaded with sauerkraut, avocado, mayonnaise, mustard and cheese – a popular type of street food in Chile
Top Chile Travel Tips – Cuisine:
- Chileans are known for their love of salt and often add salt to cooked food before even tasting it! Be sure to taste your dishes first before adding.
- Caldillo de Congrio, a soup made of conger, eel and vegetables, finds mention in Nobel Laureate Pablo Neruda’s poem Oda al Caldillo de Congrio.
History of Chile
Watch centuries of history unfold before you on your private Chile tour. Chile’s history begins with distinct indigenous cultures who inhabited the country in ancient times. In the north the Inca held sway and in the central and southern stretches lived the Araucarian tribes, most notably the Mapuche.
In 1540, Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia landed in Chile and founded Santiago and other cities, despite fierce resistance from the Araucanians who attacked and destroyed the settlements. A century of warfare followed, but eventually the Spanish won control. Chile declared independence in 1810 but wasn’t actually liberated until 1818, when Jose de San Martinfrom Argentina famously crossed the Andes and joined with the Chilean General Bernardo O’Higgins to defeat the Spanish troops.
In 1879, Chile seized the Bolivian port of Antofagasta and initiated a war with Bolivia and Peru. Chile was victorious, gaining control of many ports and important nitrate and copper mines. Chile was a prosperous country at the close of the 19th century, but a fall in exports due to WWI caused economic decline and unrest. The military took control and subsequent years saw various changes in the government.
In 1970 Marxist Salvador Allende became the first freely elected communist president of Chile. His administration was plagued by unrest and economic disaster, fuelled by antagonism from the USA.
In 1973 Augusto Pinochet took over after a military coup. Pinochet’s regime was especially controversial due to the Dirty War, when thousands of dissenters disappeared. Despite this, Pinochet was able to raise the literacy rate and stabilize the Chilean economy. In 1989 Pinochet allowed for free elections and Chile returned to democracy; the economy grew, the country became politically stable, and gradually Chile tourism began to gain momentum. Sebastian Pinera was elected president in 2010.
Though there is still a stark divide between the wealthy middle class and the poor, on your Chile tour you will find that it’s currently one of the strongest economies in Latin America and growing!
Top Chile Travel Tip – History:
During our luxury Chile tours, do check out the national flag to see if you can spot similarities with the Texas state flag. It was designed according to suggestions from a US Envoy.
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