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History of Myanmar - discover Burmese heritage

History of Myanmar

Discover the history of Myanmar on your private, tailor-made tours with travel tips from our experts.

A former British colonial stronghold in Southeast Asia, Myanmar (previously known as Burma), has experienced several upheavals over the centuries.

Only once did Myanmar truly prosper in its history. This golden age was during the 11th century when the Pagan Empire was in power. Sadly, two centuries later Kublai Khan’s army swept through the country and plunged Myanmar into darkness. 

When the British East India Company came to power in the 19th century, Myanmar became a province of British India. The Second World War brought fresh misfortune as Myanmar was a key battleground in the war, liberated only just before the Japanese surrender in 1945. 

The regimes that followed crippled the economy, imposing martial law and changing the country’s name from Burma to Myanmar, ostensibly to rid them of the vestiges of colonial rule. Elections were repeatedly postponed but order was restored after an intervention from the United Nations. 

Today, despite some difficulties, the political condition of the country is on the upswing and Myanmar tourism has opened up the country to additional economical strength.

Top Myanmar Travel Tip

Our private Myanmar tours are incomplete without a visit to the historical temple complex in Bagan. Pack good walking shoes as this incredible sight is spread across 104 km².

Excellent / 4.9 out of 5
from the blog
Mönche in Myanmar
By: Saon Bhattacharya
4 min

Top Tips for Traveling in Myanmar (Burma)

Enchanting Travels, your tailor-made travel experts, are delighted to share our top tips for traveling in Myanmar (formerly Burma) during your luxury Asia tour.  While you may spend much time during your trip to Myanmar marveling at its innumerable golden pagodas and glittering temple tops, do take out the time to interact with the locals. We […]


Thingyan: What To See At The Water Festival Of Myanmar
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Thingyan: What To See At The Water Festival Of Myanmar

Imagine a four-day rain dance, for more than 50 million people, spread over 676 thousand square kilometers, every year! Welcome to the biggest celebration in Myanmar – Thingyan, the Burmese new year.


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