Dindigul lies at the foothills of the Sirumalai Hills, near Palani Hills, home to the Sirumalai Reserved Forest area. Part of the UNESCO World Heritage listed Western Ghats, the region is known for its refreshing highland climate and incredible natural beauty. Verdant rolling hills and valleys covered with an unbelievably lush wealth of plants, birds and wildlife surround the little town. The slight elevation of its highland topography is also ideal for various plantations, including southern India’s lush tea and coffee plantations. Acres of tranquil plantation covered emerald hillsides interspersed by tall flowering trees, is also home to exotic birds and mammals endemic to the region. Dindigul is an ancient settlement of Tamil Nadu, enjoying the royal patronage of the early Pandyans and the great Cholas to the Madurai Sultanate and the Vijayanagara Empire. The town has various historical monuments, including the medieval Rock Fort, as well as numerous historical temples, churches and mosques.