Nine of the ten highest peaks in the whole world are part of the Himalayas, this wonderful chain of mountains that include Mount Everest – the highest peak in the world and still rising! The mountains have stood guard over India for time immemorial, preventing many an invasion and preserving the country from the intense cold winds of the extreme north.
The Himalayas have been both a boundary and meeting ground for various cultures and many people have traveled to trade in this region and to visit religious sites. You don’t need to be a mountaineer to enjoy this fabulous region – learn more about unique Mount Everest tours offered by Enchanting Travels.
Thousands of travelers on the renowned Silk Road route from China to Persia and central Asia have passed through this region. The Himalayas was home to the Indus Valley civilization – one the three oldest civilizations of the world!
Several great rivers rise in the Himalayas, including the Brahmaputra, the Indus and the Ganges, and their drainage basins, which you can visit on your private Himalayas tour, house hundreds of millions of people. North of Delhi, the Himalayan region of India consists of three separate states – Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Several tribes occupied the state of Himachal Pradesh from time to time, dividing up the area into smaller regions or janapadas (great realms) that were later united under the Gupta dynasty.
The state of Uttarakhand, formerly Uttar Pradesh, is well known for its gorgeous scenery and many pilgrimage sites. The holy River Ganges starts in Uttarakhand, which is often referred to as Dev Bhoomi or Land of the Gods. Uttarakhand has reputedly housed many powerful sages over time – the Sage Vyasa is said to have penned the Indian epic Mahabharata as the protagonists of the epic apparently camped in the region for a while. During these centuries, the Rajputs, the Delhi Sultanate, Mahmud of Ghazni, Timur as well as the Mughals held sway over Himachal Pradesh intermittently.
In Uttarakhand the Gurkhas, who controlled a major part of the land in the early 19th century, conceded defeat to the British in 1816. When the first mutiny against the British came to pass in 1857, these Himalayan regions did not take part. However, the region was actively involved in the Indian struggle for freedom. Himachal Pradesh became a separate Indian state in 1950, and the state of Uttarakhand was established in 2006.
Himalayas Tour – Advisory Note:
Kindly note that due to civil instability, Enchanting Travels does not currently offer travel to many areas of Jammu and Kashmir.