The trading city of Kilwa, on the southern coast of Tanzania, has the largest group of pre-colonial ruins in East Africa! The former capital of the Kilwa Sultanate, Kilwa Kisiwani is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and you will need a permit to visit the island. Kivinje and Masoko, later settlements on the mainland, are a great base from which to visit Kilwa. The earliest settlements here date back to the eighth century, although few of these remains are still standing. A visit to the important ruins on nearby islands, including Songo Mnara, Sanje Majoma and Sanje ya Kate, is also quite enjoyable.
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Places: Kigali (1 day) → Volcanoes National Park (2) → Kigali (1) → Lake Manyara & Ngorongoro (2) → Serengeti (Central) (3) → Dar es Salaam (1) → Victoria Falls (2) → Cape Town (3)
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