Private tailor-made journeys of a lifetime 1 888 263 2574
USA
  • AUS
  • DEU
USA
  • AUS
  • DEU
Enchanting Travels Morocco Tours Panoramic view of Marrakech and old medina, Morocco - history of Morocco

History of Morocco

Discover the ancient history of Morocco while you travel with tips from our experts.

The Berbers – a vast multilingual ethnic tribe indigenous to northern Africa – ruled Morocco through a series of dynasties. Some of the most historically significant ruins from this time can still be seen at Volubilis where there are remains from 3rd century AD of a Berber/Roman city and another site, Lixus, near the town of Larache. Morocco as we know it today began with the first major shift away from the centralized control of the Berbers.

With the Islamic conquest of the Maghreb state of Northern Africa in the 7th century AD, Arabic became the primary language and Islam the primary religion. Thereafter, Morocco’s Arabic heritage came to be forever entwined with the ancient indigenous tribal influence and traditions of the Berbers. This new Morocco is still evident today when you visit the likes of Fes el Bali in Fes; part of the old original city built under initial Islamic influence in the 8th century AD, is of huge cultural and historical importance.

Though Islamic dynasties came and went, Morocco was at its most powerful under the leadership of the Berber dynasties from 11th-16th century. During this time, a number of stunning historical buildings were commissioned and can still be viewed today under UNESCO protection; the unfinished Hassan Tower in Rabat of red sandstone, the incredibly recognizable blue buildings of Chefchaouen near Tangiers and the stunning Ben Youssef Madrasa College in Marrakech.

The current Moroccan royal family, the Alaouite family, came to power in 1666. Since 1864 they have resided at their Dar al-Makhzen palace in the capital Rabat, which is definitely worth a visit.

In the 19th century, France stepped tried to gain influence and power. By 1912, Morocco was lawfully declared as a dependent state of France and Spain. Steered by King Mohammed V, Morocco was declared fully independent under the 1956 agreement. From 1999, under King Mohammed VI, Morocco saw new legislation and modernization.

With the incredible year-round weather, the emergence of direct flights from all over Europe, and a boom in the activity and adventure sector, Morocco now sees more than 10 million tourists a year! There are historically important sites everywhere you look from the Koutoubia Mosque in Marrakech built in the 12th century to the ancient Kasbah of Tangiers. Morocco has a lot to offer and it should be on everyone’s bucket list.

Excellent / 4.9 out of 5
from the blog
A-young-couple-enjoying-the-beautiful-sunrise-on-Mount-Kaputar-in-New-South-Wales-Australia
By: Jemima Forbes
4 min

In the Name of Love: Top Anniversary Destinations

What better reason is there to book a trip of a lifetime than to celebrate an amazing milestone with your partner?

READ POST

Virtual Travel Videos: Underwater gardens and water plants in Mexico cenotes cave diving
By: Lucia
1 min

Take a Virtual Tour with Enchanting Experts

Are you missing the thrill of packing your bag for an adventure somewhere new? Take a Virtual Tour with our experts!

READ POST

Commercial-passenger-plane-flies-above-the-clouds-towards-the-setting-sun
By: Mouli
5 min

Coronavirus Travel Safety Tips

Our international experts weigh in on travel safety tips for staying healthy on the go.

READ POST

Load More
Popular trips to Morocco
Menara gardens reflecting pool and pavilion, Marrakech, Morocco, Africa

Morocco: Medina Magic and Beni Mellal

8 Days: $ 3,290 / person
This week-long custom Morocco tour is your ideal introduction to the rich culture that thrives in the country’s ancient, Imperial cities. Explore cosmopolitan Casablanca with its bustling Central Market and the beachside suburb of Ain Diab on a private tour.
Details Inquire
Seaside town, Morocco

Southern Morocco and Coastal Gems

10 Days: $ 3,290 / person
On this tailor-made Morocco vacation, discover beautiful southern towns, seaside villages and age-old customs on the Atlantic Coast. Beginning in Marrakech, take a private tour of the red city with an experienced local, exploring its busy souks and Arab and Jewish architecture.
Details Inquire
Sand dunes, Morocco, Erg Chebbi

Morocco’s Imperial Cities and Southern Gems

9 Days: $ 2,390 / person
With this private Morocco holiday, delve into the regal charm of ancient cities such as Fes, the cultural heart of Morocco, and in historic Marrakech. In contrast, experience the modernity of iconic Casablanca, and then explore the earthy treasures of southern Morocco – from re-earth landscapes and deserts to garrison towns that offer glimpses into […]
Details Inquire
Load More
THE ENCHANTING DIFFERENCE

Safe & Secure

Our global network of partners on the ground are able to share the most up-to-date advice and recommendations on COVID-19. We only offer hotels and vehicles with the highest health and safety standards.

Financial Protection & Flexibility

We believe in complete transparency. We are bonded members and license holders of all leading travel organizations. Your booking is flexible and completely secure with us.

Fully Supported Travel

Your dedicated and personal trip coordinator is available around-the-clock throughout your trip to accommodate requests, take care of the details, and handle any unforeseen situations.

Authentic & Unique

Go off the beaten track. Our award-winning, licensed local guides provide incredible insights and insider tips, passionately bringing alive unique and exclusive experiences for you.

Personalized & Private

Discover our enchanting world your way. Our experts completely customize your private tour to match your interests and preferences through their comprehensive knowledge of each destination.

High Quality Experiences

All our accommodations and services are personally tested by our team. Tell us your travel dream and we will create an itinerary packed with the best experiences your destination has to offer.

WHAT OUR GUESTs SAY

One of the very best travel experiences I have ever had. We even got updates once at 3 am! He also made one change in one day’s itinerary to accommodate our wishes which was very wonderful. For business, I have traveled to Europe, Russia, all over Asia and South Africa but was blown away by all the beautiful sites in Argentina and Chile.

Rating 5/5
Enchanting Travels- Chile Tours Fishing boat and old Dock, Puerto Natales, Antartica Mexico holiday

Joseph MatheyUSA

All the little touches made by our Enchanting Travel consultant, Amelia Edwards, were noticed and recognized by my wife and I. Thank you for making our milestone trip (25th wedding anniversary) such a memorable one! We look forward to engaging Enchanting Travels again for our next South American adventure!!

Rating 5/5
Buenos Aires Sehenswürdigkeiten: Kongressgebäude Mexico holiday

Raymond SuireUSA

This was my first adventure as a solo traveler. But while I may have traveled on my own, I was never alone. I was well taken care of by a superb team of planners, trip coordinators, guides and drivers.

Rating 5/5
Bolivia - Uyuni - People & Car standing in Salt flats

Lori McCarneyUSA

Do you have a vacation in mind? Let us help you create the trip of a lifetime.