Peru Tours: Lost Cities & Lush Amazonian Forests

Peru tours help you discover the aura of past cultures enclosed in stunning, surreal landscapes of today. Traditions here effortlessly date back 5,000 years or more!

Most famous for the lost citadel of Machu Picchu and the captivating Andes mountains, there is much to be experienced in this land of parched deserts, lush Amazonian rainforests, and world-famous cuisine.

History, culture, and architecture await in Lima, Arequipa and Cusco, while wild nature inspires in the Andes and the Amazon.

Witness a feast for the imagination with one of our private Peru trips. What are you waiting for?


 History of Peru

Peru tours take you to the heart of the most ancient and important civilization in the Americas. Evidence of human activity dates back several millennia to around 12,000 BCE, although little is known of these early inhabitants.

In the southern Andes, the Tiwanaku culture were in power whilst the northern Andes were home to the mysterious Chachapoyas empire.

The most famous civilization of Peru was also the shortest-lived – the Inca Empire.

Fierce warriors and conquerors, the Inca defeated a majority of other civilizations, consolidated their empire around 1300 AD, and built their capital in Cusco. Visit the most famous Incan ruins on your own Machu Picchu vacation.

However Incan domain was to decline as fast as it rose with the arrival of Spanish conquistadors in 1532. Francisco Pizarro is famous for conquering a weakened Inca empire with just 100 soldiers!

For the centuries that followed, the Viceroyalty of Peru became the most important region of the Spanish colonial empire with Lima as the capital.

In 1820 Argentine liberator Jose de San Martin arrived with troops, occupying Lima and declaring independence from Spain. However independence would not be won until 1824 when royalist forces were defeated.

A period of political instability followed. In 1879, Peru and its ally Bolivia, fought the War of the Pacific against Chile.

The war ended in humiliation for Peru and they were forced to sign over territory to the Chileans.

In the 20th century CE Peru faced major economic and political upheavals, especially in the later decades when the country was plagued with inflation as well as terrorist threats from the Shining Path militant group.

Between 1990 and 2000, the controversial Peruvian president Alberto Fujimori, did much to curb inflation and get the economy back on track, although he was considered a dictator.

In the 21st century, modern Peru is on a positive upward trend with political stability, declining poverty, and a growing economy.

Top Peru Travel Tip – History:

Evidence of more advanced cultures from around 1250 BCE, such as the Chavin, Chimu, Nazca, Moche and Paracas, have been found, and you can visit their ruins on your private Peru tours.

 Peru's Culture

See a fascinating and rich cultural heritage due to an incredible blend of strong indigenous roots and Spanish colonial influence on personalized Peru tours.

Evidence of the native culture of Peru is everywhere, and especially in the Andes regions. You will see locals in traditional dress, plenty of colorful markets in every town, and amazing ruins from the various ancient civilizations.

While on one of our Peru vacations, you’ll find that the architectural style also reflects Peru’s history. The beautiful city of Cusco, for example, is a unique blend of Spanish colonial style and Incan ruins as the Spanish built right on top of Inca structures!

Peruvians are very welcoming people, service-oriented and happy to share their culture and traditions with guests.

After centuries of turning its back to the Andean roots in favor of imposed Western culture, modern Peru is now extremely proud of its indigenous heritage and the resources that come from the Andes and the Amazon.

Top Peru Travel Tip – Culture:

On one of our Peru trips, don’t be surprised if you are gifted some yellow underpants by warm-hearted people on New Year’s Eve – it is tradition after all!

 Cuisine in Peru

Peru tours are incomplete without sampling some of the country’s famous cuisine. Currently, Peru is one of the top gastronomic destinations in the world, and you’ll find that this entirely justified.

Extremely creative young chefs are defining a new Peruvian cuisine that reflects the bounty of natural resources and various cultural influences that make up this unique country.

Peru’s food is fresh, colorful, and full of unique flavor. On the coast, seafood is popular, especially the emblematic dish Ceviche.

The cuisine of the Andes regions includes more meat and starch, such as llama or alpaca meat, quinoa grain and a plethora of potatoes, all which are native to the Andes.

Many ingredients that make up the food of Peru come from the exotic and bountiful fresh produce found in the Amazon. Don’t be shy to sample some exotic fruits on your Peru tours – they are delicious and a complete surprise to the senses!

Mealtimes are different in Peru than in other parts of the world. Dinner is typically served between 8:30 pm and 11:30 pm, lunch can be anytime between 12:30 pm or as late as 4 pm. It is typical to have a merienda (light snack with tea or coffee) around 5 or 6 pm.

During our Peru trips, you will find all types of eateries – from a streetside diner to famous fine dining restaurants such as Astrid y Gastón in Lima.

The cost of a meal depends on the type of restaurant you choose and meals at high-end restaurants can even go up to USD 100 per person.

Here are some authentic Peru food items to whet your appetite:

  • Ceviche: fresh fish cured in citrus juices
  • Pachamanca: food is buried underground with hot stones and cooked over several hours
  • Cuy: guinea pig – a traditional Andean entrée
  • Alpaca jerky: a non-greasy Peruvian invention of classic dried and salted meat
  • Anticuchos: skewers of marinated meat, grilled and layered with sauce


Top Peru Travel Tips – Cuisine:

  • Lima is the modern gastronomic capital and packed full of hip gourmet restaurants, markets and street food. We highly recommend you include a gastronomic tour of this city in your customized Peru travel itinerary!
  • Peru is home to the ubiquitous potato and more than 5000 varieties of potato are grown in the country – which you can taste everywhere on during our Peru tours!

 Peruvian Language

Spanish is the official language of Peru, however, native languages such as Quechua and Aymara are still spoken especially in the Andean regions.

English is not widely spoken in areas outside of tourist establishments.


The Enchanting Travels team welcomes you on your very own authentic and tailor-made Peru tours. 

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