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Enchanting Travels South Africa Tours Cape Town and Table mountain seen from the beach of Robben Island - history of South Africa

History of South Africa

Discover the heritage and history of South Africa with our travel tips.

South Africa has a fascinating history dating back to the aboriginal San and Khoikhoi peoples. It is little wonder that the country boasts eight World Heritage sites.

Formerly a British Colony, South Africa (or the Republiek van Suid-Afrika, as it is known in Afrikaans), was declared a union in 1910 before becoming a Republic in 1961.

European settlers arrived in the 15th century and the country swelled into one with many unique ethnicities. This fueled its apartheid past when the country was separated by color and the white minority ruled. When the apartheid laws were abolished, the first democratic elections took place in 1994 and Nelson Mandela became President of South Africa.

Diamonds and golds were discovered in the 19th century, which led the country to have a prominent and lucrative mining industry that you can see on your South Africa tours even today.

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