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History of North India

History of North India

For centuries, North India has seen empires rise and fall, starting with the grand Indus Valley civilization, which was among the first three civilizations in the world! 

Humayun's Tomb in Delhi
Mughal Emperor Humayun’s tomb in Delhi
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Golden Temple in Amritsar

History of North India: From the ancient to the modern

Aryan migration from Central Asia forced the original Dravidian inhabitants to move southwards although North India resisted several invasions from the West, including that of Macedonian Alexander the Great. 

In the 4th century BCE, Chandragupta Maurya extended his kingdom to include the whole of North India. His descendant Ashoka helped spread Buddhism throughout India and Asia. 

In the Middle Ages, Muslim armies began to invade North India, starting with Muhammad of Ghazni in the 11th century CE, which paved the way for Babur – the first Mughal Emperor of India. The Mughals brought an age of enlightenment and prosperity to North India. Akbar, was known as a wise and just Mughal ruler and Shah Jahan is credited with building the Taj Mahal in memory of his beloved wife. Several powerful groups opposed Mughal rule from time to time, including the fierce Rajputs of Rajasthan and the Marathas led by Shivaji, but were eventually subdued. 

European presence in India dates back to the 15th century with the arrival of the Portuguese in the south-western coast. The British proved to be the dominant colonial power in India by the 19th century, abolishing several draconian practices, building railways and espousing education,  yet their colonial rule caused some of the worst famines and genocides in Indian history. After much struggle and strife, India achieved independence in 1947 but had to pay a heavy price in the form of the partition.

North India was divided to form the Islamic nation of Pakistan and millions of Hindus migrated to for fear of persecution. Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first prime minister, did much to bring stability and peace to the country. When Nehru’s daughter, Indira Gandhi ascended the throne, she faced a nation grappling with severe economic and social problems. Police brutality, unrest and upheavals continued in North India for several decades. 

Delhi, the seat of the Indian government and the heart of the country, has indeed seen it all! Today, the united North is a perfect representation of diverse religions, cultures and traditions that make up India.

History of North India: Holy man

Did you know?

The Vedas – sacred Hindu scriptures, were penned around 1200 BCE and the Hindu social system was firmly established around this time. Even today, the rigid caste system prevails in rural areas and you will find the upper castes maintaining their distance from the lower untouchable castes.

Our destination experts are happy to plan your tailor-made vacation of historic North India to match your interests and preferences. Get in touch with us today!

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Taj Mahal in Agra

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Enchanting Travels East India Tours Victoria Memorial, Kolkata , India

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Through my conversations with Swati and some changes that evolved the trip was perfectly planned and brilliantly executed. Her interest into my goals on this trip, produced an incredible experience.

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Enchanting Travels Guest - Traveled to North India

Kenneth Alan Tepper USA

Enchanting Travels customizes every aspect of our travel which perfectly suits our needs. The staff is knowledgeable, professional, patient, fun and personable, as well as attentive to all our needs throughout our trip. We also enjoy all the private transportation, private tours and luxury accommodation. We feel like the kings and queens when we travel with Enchanting. Enchanting offers the perfect travel experience for us!

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Enchanting Travels Guest - Traveled to North India, Maldives, Sri Lanka

Alison LoveUSA

I cannot imagine being without Enchanting Travels for my first trip to India. With new and different things to acclimate to and customs I was not privy to, ET made my journey a breeze. I was able to see and enjoy the entirety of all places visited without worrying about tickets and transfers and luggage and hotels and anything that might take me away from being “in the moment”. Usually one fourth of my trip is spent making arrangements but not so with Enchanting Travels as it is all done for you. Kudos to ET.

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Enchanting Travels Guest - Traveled to North India, South India

Judalon WyattUSA

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