Private tailor-made journeys of a lifetime 1 888 263 2574
  • AUS
  • DEU
  • AUS
  • DEU
History of North India

History of North India

For centuries, North India has seen empires rise and fall, starting with the grand Indus Valley civilization, which was among the first three civilizations in the world! 

Humayun's Tomb in Delhi
Mughal Emperor Humayun’s tomb in Delhi
Excellent / 4.9 out of 5
Golden Temple in Amritsar

History of North India: From the ancient to the modern

Aryan migration from Central Asia forced the original Dravidian inhabitants to move southwards although North India resisted several invasions from the West, including that of Macedonian Alexander the Great. 

In the 4th century BCE, Chandragupta Maurya extended his kingdom to include the whole of North India. His descendant Ashoka helped spread Buddhism throughout India and Asia. 

In the Middle Ages, Muslim armies began to invade North India, starting with Muhammad of Ghazni in the 11th century CE, which paved the way for Babur – the first Mughal Emperor of India. The Mughals brought an age of enlightenment and prosperity to North India. Akbar, was known as a wise and just Mughal ruler and Shah Jahan is credited with building the Taj Mahal in memory of his beloved wife. Several powerful groups opposed Mughal rule from time to time, including the fierce Rajputs of Rajasthan and the Marathas led by Shivaji, but were eventually subdued. 

European presence in India dates back to the 15th century with the arrival of the Portuguese in the south-western coast. The British proved to be the dominant colonial power in India by the 19th century, abolishing several draconian practices, building railways and espousing education,  yet their colonial rule caused some of the worst famines and genocides in Indian history. After much struggle and strife, India achieved independence in 1947 but had to pay a heavy price in the form of the partition.

North India was divided to form the Islamic nation of Pakistan and millions of Hindus migrated to for fear of persecution. Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first prime minister, did much to bring stability and peace to the country. When Nehru’s daughter, Indira Gandhi ascended the throne, she faced a nation grappling with severe economic and social problems. Police brutality, unrest and upheavals continued in North India for several decades. 

Delhi, the seat of the Indian government and the heart of the country, has indeed seen it all! Today, the united North is a perfect representation of diverse religions, cultures and traditions that make up India.

History of North India: Holy man

Did you know?

The Vedas – sacred Hindu scriptures, were penned around 1200 BCE and the Hindu social system was firmly established around this time. Even today, the rigid caste system prevails in rural areas and you will find the upper castes maintaining their distance from the lower untouchable castes.

Our destination experts are happy to plan your tailor-made vacation of historic North India to match your interests and preferences. Get in touch with us today!

from the blog
Through the Ages: Discover Indian Palace Hotels
By: Jen
2 min

A Time Travelers Guide to Indian Palace Hotels

Live the life of Maharajahs at these glorious Indian Palace Hotels with these travel tips. Plan your own enchanting escape to these ancient jewels for your holiday in India.


Imperial service in the hotels
By: Dieter
5 min

India’s Finest Colonial Retreats

India lures with its diversity. Explore India's glorious heritage with a luxurious stay at one of its regal, colonial residences.


popular trips to north india

North India’s Golden Triangle

10 Days: $ 5,090 $ 4,190 / person
This round trip of North India’s Golden Triangle takes you to the cultural and natural highlights of the region. Starting in the capital Delhi, you will explore the three cities of the Golden Triangle.
Details Inquire
Nepali women replacing prayer flags, Namche Bazaar village, Sagarmatha Park, Himalayas, Nepal

North India: Mysteries of Kumaon

13 Days: $ 4,290 / person
This India vacation introduces you to both India’s culture and heritage as well as pristine landscapes. In the Golden Triangle of North India, you will discover Mughal and Rajput-era architecture such as the Taj Mahal.
Details Inquire
Taj Mahal in Agra

Jewels of North India and Kerala

20 Days: $ 5,790 / person
Take a soul-stirring journey through historic old towns, holy cities and enchanting landscapes on this comprehensive tour of India. Starting in the north, see centuries old rituals performed by the banks of River Ganges in Varanasi.
Details Inquire
Load More

Safe & Secure

Our global network of partners on the ground are able to share the most up-to-date advice and recommendations on COVID-19. We only offer hotels and vehicles with the highest health and safety standards.

Financial Protection & Flexibility

We believe in complete transparency. We are bonded members and license holders of all leading travel organizations. Your booking is flexible and completely secure with us.

Fully Supported Travel

Your dedicated and personal trip coordinator is available around-the-clock throughout your trip to accommodate requests, take care of the details, and handle any unforeseen situations.

Authentic & Unique

Go off the beaten track. Our award-winning, licensed local guides provide incredible insights and insider tips, passionately bringing alive unique and exclusive experiences for you.

Personalized & Private

Discover our enchanting world your way. Our experts completely customize your private tour to match your interests and preferences through their comprehensive knowledge of each destination.

High Quality Experiences

All our accommodations and services are personally tested by our team. Tell us your travel dream and we will create an itinerary packed with the best experiences your destination has to offer.

what our guests say

Through my conversations with Swati and some changes that evolved the trip was perfectly planned and brilliantly executed. Her interest into my goals on this trip, produced an incredible experience.

Rating 5/5
Enchanting Travels Guest - Traveled to North India

Kenneth Alan Tepper USA

Enchanting Travels customizes every aspect of our travel which perfectly suits our needs. The staff is knowledgeable, professional, patient, fun and personable, as well as attentive to all our needs throughout our trip. We also enjoy all the private transportation, private tours and luxury accommodation. We feel like the kings and queens when we travel with Enchanting. Enchanting offers the perfect travel experience for us!

Rating 5/5
Enchanting Travels Guest - Traveled to North India, Maldives, Sri Lanka

Alison LoveUSA

I cannot imagine being without Enchanting Travels for my first trip to India. With new and different things to acclimate to and customs I was not privy to, ET made my journey a breeze. I was able to see and enjoy the entirety of all places visited without worrying about tickets and transfers and luggage and hotels and anything that might take me away from being “in the moment”. Usually one fourth of my trip is spent making arrangements but not so with Enchanting Travels as it is all done for you. Kudos to ET.

Rating 5/5
Enchanting Travels Guest - Traveled to North India, South India

Judalon WyattUSA

Do you have a vacation in mind? Let us help you create the trip of a lifetime.