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Best time to visit European Capitals - Idyllic summer landscape with clear mountain lake in the Alps - European Cities tours

When is the best time to visit European Cities?

Stunning architecture, delightful city centers, breathtaking landscapes, quaint restaurants, and vibrant festivals are just a few of the attractions that await you when you travel to some of the most vibrant cities in Central Europe – Vienna, Salzburg, Innsbruck, Amsterdam, Budapest, and Prague. With so much to do, it is prudent to find out the best time to visit these European cities so that you don’t miss out on any of the highlights. 

The most popular time to visit European cities is the summer months of June, July, and August, but the months before and after summer also offer ideal weathers with fewer crowds.

  Most Ideal Low Season


It’s bitterly cold throughout the region with day time temperatures ranging from the mid to high 30s and night temperatures below freezing. Expect rain in Salzburg and winds in Prague and Amsterdam. It’s an excellent time to explore the palaces and museums these cities are known for, sans the crowds.


  • Ski down the Austrian Alps in Kitzbühel, located between Innsbruck and Salzburg
  • Attend a New Year concert at the Danube Palace in Budapest
  • It’s colors galore at the National Tulip Day celebrations in Amsterdam


It’s one of the coldest months of the year with average daytime temperatures in the low 40s. Prague sees rainy days in February while Budapest and Amsterdam are mostly dry with clear skies. The skiing season is in full swing in Austria.


  • How about sampling some hearty Czech cuisine that’s perfect for cold winter evenings in Prague – hot potato soup and a steaming plate of meat and gravy!
  • Dress up for Farsang, Hungary’s colorful carnival
  • Ice skate surrounded by magical lights at the Wiener Eistraum in Vienna


While average day time temperatures are still below 50°F in Vienna and Prague, Budapest sees a rise in temperature to around 57°F. It’s still chilly and cloudy, though! In Amsterdam, the weather is unpredictable, with rain showers expected throughout the month.


  • Take a tour of the 9th century Prague Castle, known to be the largest ancient castle in the world
  • A visit to the Anne Frank museum in Amsterdam is a must for history buffs
  • Beat the cold with a soak in a thermal bath at Budapest


Blooming flowers in parks and tree-lined avenues signal the beginning of spring. Temperatures start to inch up with daytime highs in Vienna, Salzburg, and Prague touching 60°F and Budapest in the mid-60s. With manageable temperatures and fewer tourists, April is a good time to visit the European Capitals.


  • Explore the twin cities of Buda and Pest on foot
  • Float down the Vltava River as you take in the springtime sights of picturesque Prague
  • Visit Keukenhof, the largest flower garden in Europe and an easy day trip from Amsterdam


May is one of the best times to travel to the European Capitals, before the season officially begins. Temperatures in Austria and Amsterdam are at a pleasant 65F. Highs in Budapest average around 69F with frequent rains giving the surroundings a fresh, green tinge.


  • Discover the Salzburg Altstadt or Old Town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Walk under a canopy of pink, purple and yellow blooms in Prague


It’s the start of summer and the peak tourist season across the European cities. Temperatures are in the mid-70s, making it an ideal time for sightseeing. Salzburg, Budapest, and Prague have a few rainy days during this month, so don’t forget to pack a rain jacket or umbrella.


  • Immerse yourself in music concerts and dance performances at the Holland Festival
  • Walk down the Charles Bridge in Prague taking in expansive views of the river on both sides
  • Take a guided tour of the grand Parliament Building in Budapest


July is the hottest month of the year, with day time temperatures averaging between 75°F – 80°F. Expect crowds and long lines as schools close for summer. With 10-15 hours of daylight, there is plenty of time to explore all the attractions.


  • Experience the summer buzz of Amsterdam as you float down its charming waterways in a canal cruise
  • Relive the grand lifestyle of Austria’s erstwhile monarchs as you tour Schloss Schönbrunn and Schloss Belvedere in Vienna


With temperatures in the 75-85°F range in most cities, August continues to be hot. But, that doesn’t deter the holiday crowds. There are plenty of festivals, flea markets, and music concerts happening during this time of the year. Prague and Amsterdam experience bouts of rain, so it is best to carry an umbrella.


  • For some nature therapy, head to Vondelpark in Amsterdam, a favorite among locals and tourists alike
  • Retrace the footsteps of Mozart and the Von Trapp family (from The Sound of Music!) in Salzburg
  • Get tickets to the Hungarian Grand Prix for an adrenaline rush


Most tourists leave at this time, but with temperatures in the upper 60s and plenty of sunshine, it is still a great time to visit any or all of the European cities. The countryside is the place to be with leaves changing colors and the air turning cooler and crisper. Nights can get chilly, so it’s best to wear layers or a light jacket.


  • Go gallery hopping in the lively Jordaan neighborhood in Amsterdam
  • Marvel at the art and architecture of the Hofburg Palace in Vienna
  • Wander the alleys of Prague’s Jewish Quarters


Temperatures drop in October with day time highs hovering in the range of 58-65°F. However, with plenty of sunshine days dominating the first half of the month, it is still a reasonably good time to travel to Vienna, Prague, and Budapest. Evenings are chilly, so it’s best to dress up in warm layers.


  • Spend a day at the world-famous Rijksmuseum and Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam
  • For the best autumn colors, head to Buda Hills


It’s time to get out your winter wear. Vienna, Salzburg, and Prague see temperatures drop to around 48F while the Austrian Alps experience the first snowfall of the season. Amsterdam is wet and chilly, while Budapest gets some snow during the month. .


  • Witness some of the best opera artists flex their vocal cords at the Vienna Staatsoper
  • Warm yourself with some hot cocoa at one of the many hip coffee shops in Vienna


It’s the most magical time of the year, cold weather notwithstanding. Christmas markets, pristine snow-clad mountains, and plenty of good cheer make December one of the best months to visit Vienna and Innsbruck. Amsterdam lights up while Prague and Budapest are abuzz with Christmas festivities.


  • Watch spectacular light art installations at the Amsterdam Light Festival
  • Shop, eat, and soak in the festive spirit at the Old Town Christmas Market in Innsbruck
  • Witness the beauty of Prague, Budapest and Vienna lit up in all its Christmas glory on a lunch or dinner river cruise
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Skiiing in Europe - Best time to visit European Capitals


Located in what is considered to be Central Europe, these European cities have distinct seasons that follow a fairly predictable pattern. June to August is summer with warm temperatures and plenty of tourists. The leaves change hues and temperatures drop during the fall months of September, October, and November. The crowds thin out, but it is still a great time to visit these cities. Winter brings in freezing temperatures and snow, but it is also one of the most festive times to visit the European cities. Austria and Budapest host some of the best Christmas markets in Europe. Temperatures start inching up in March, and the landscape changes from white to green, and it’s an excellent time to explore the countryside and hike up some trails.

What to Pack

With significant variations in temperatures and weather conditions between seasons, what you pack for your European cities tour depends on when you are visiting these destinations. 

With day time highs ranging from the mid-70s in Amsterdam to the low 80s in Prague and Vienna, summer calls for breezy dresses, cotton tops/t-shirts, shorts, and light trousers. There’s plenty of walking to do, so pack a pair of good walking shoes. To protect yourself from the sun,  take some sunscreen, sunglasses and a sunhat along. If you are planning on trying out some water activities, swimsuits or water-resistant clothing needs to be part of your luggage.

While day time temperatures during spring and fall are pleasant, early morning and evenings can get quite chilly. It’s advisable to pack layers, warm scarves, and cardigans. A waterproof jacket or an umbrella will protect you from a sudden shower.

Winters call for heavy-duty winter jackets, warm gloves, scarves, and hats. Thermal inners, long trousers, and layers are a must if you are planning to travel during the winter months. Also recommended are waterproof walking shoes and rain jackets. 

With many fine dining and opera experiences available, we recommend packing a formal dress or suit.

Plan a vacation of a lifetime with advice and insider tips from our travel experts. Get in touch with us for a customized, no-obligations itinerary.

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