Tour North India

Emperors & Maharajas Rule

Our private North India tours offer a mosaic of influences that can be attributed to the armies who have marched through this bold and diverse landscape – from Alexander the Great to the Mughals, and most recently, the British.

In Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, fortresses and palaces bear witness to the wealth of the region’s legendary warriors.

In Agra, the Taj Mahal tells an eternal love story, while farther East, the Ganges welcomes pilgrims and visitors to Varanasi, the City of Light.

 Places in North India

 Map

 History of North India

For centuries, North India has seen empires rise and fall, starting with the grand Indus Valley civilization, which was among the first three civilizations in the world!

Aryan migration from Central Asia forced the original Dravidian inhabitants to move southwards although North India resisted several invasions from the West, including that of Macedonian Alexander the Great.

In the 4th century BCE, Chandragupta Maurya extended his kingdom to include the whole of North India. His descendant Ashoka helped spread Buddhism throughout India and Asia.

In the Middle Ages, Muslim armies began to invade North India, starting with Muhammad of Ghazni in the 11th century CE, which paved the way for Babur – the first Mughal Emperor of India.

The Mughals brought an age of enlightenment and prosperity to North India. Akbar, was known as a wise and just Mughal ruler and Shah Jahan is credited with building the Taj Mahal in memory of his beloved wife.

Several powerful groups opposed Mughal rule from time to time, including the fierce Rajputs of Rajasthan and the Marathas led by Shivaji, but were eventually subdued.

European presence in India dates back to the 15th century with the arrival of the Portuguese in the south-western coast.

The British proved to be the dominant colonial power in India by the 19th century, abolishing several draconian practices, building railways and espousing education, yet their colonial rule caused some of the worst famines and genocides in Indian history..

After much struggle and strife, India achieved independence in 1947 but had to pay a heavy price in the form of the partition.

North India was divided to form the Islamic nation of Pakistan and millions of Hindus migrated to for fear of persecution.

Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first prime minister, did much to bring stability and peace to the country.

When Nehru’s daughter, Indira Gandhi ascended the throne, she faced a nation grappling with severe economic and social problems. Police brutality, unrest and upheavals continued in North India for several decades.

Delhi, the seat of the Indian government and the heart of the country, has indeed seen it all!

Today, the united North is a perfect representation of diverse religions, cultures and traditions that make up India.

Top North India Tours Tips – History:

The Vedas – sacred Hindu scriptures, were penned around 1200 BCE and the Hindu social system was firmly established around this time. Even today, the rigid caste system prevails in rural areas and you will find the upper castes maintaining their distance from the lower untouchable castes.

 North India's Culture

You will see much culture when you tour North India, as it is a melting pot of various traditions and customs, having assimilated influences over centuries.

Women predominantly wear the traditional salwar-kameez or sari, although in rural parts of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, the ghagra-choli (skirt and blouse) is more prevalent.

North Indian men usually wear a kurta with pyjamas or a traditional garment called dhoti. Turbans or headgear are worn as a sign of one’s status.

Traditionally worn to as a symbol of female energy designed to protect the wearer and her spouse, bindis today are no longer limited to married women. As a result, colorful and decorative bindis can be seen to line the foreheads of many women.

North India has various ethnic and religious groups such as Brahmins, Jats, Rajputs and Dalits. Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs and Jains regularly rub shoulders in this multilingual and multicultural part of India.

Hindi is spoken and understood everywhere, although in the interiors of each state, local people converse in regional languages.

Varanasi, which is popularly called the oldest city in the world, is considered the spiritual capital of India.

Thousands of pilgrims travel to the city every year, to bathe in the waters of the holy river Ganges and to perform Hindu funeral rites.

The city also houses the Kashi Vishwanath – one of the most revered Hindu temples in India.

Art, painting, sculpting, dance and music are various important tenets of North Indian culture.

Revered poet Kalidasa, as well as scholars like Panini, Tulsidas and Chand Bardai were all from this region.

North Indian painting is not to be taken lightly either – Rajasthani art and Rajput miniature paintings have etched out their own niche in Indian history.

Hindustani classical music traces its roots back to the Vedic time in North India, and starting from the fun Bhangra to the traditional Kathak, the region boasts various forms of dance as well.

Top North India Tours Tips – Culture:

Garlanding is a sign of respect in North India and garlands are offered to deities or honored visitors. Flowers are supposed to be auspicious and their aroma is expected to rejuvenate you.

 Cuisine of North India

Wheat, grown abundantly in the fertile lands of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, is a staple part of every North Indian diet, usually consumed as chapati or flatbread. This is served with a variety of curries.

Many North Indian Hindus are vegetarians although non-vegetarian fare is readily available in all parts of the region.

North Indian cuisine usually boast thick and creamy curries, and sweets are found in almost every street corner.

Apart from art and architecture, the Mughals also brought their cuisine to North India.

Mughlai food, with its full-bodied flavor, delicious aroma and distinctive cooking style, entices you especially in the streets of Old Delhi. Primarily meat-based, these dishes are popularly eaten in many other parts of India too.

The Mughals are responsible for the advent of biryani which has certainly taken the nation by storm.

Originally cooked with mutton and fine rice, biryani is said to have fed the millions of Mughal troops and keep them battle-ready!

Punjabi food has a charm of its own. Generous doses of spices and ghee (clarified butter) characterizes Punjabi food and the area is known particularly for the numerous street-side dhabas, or indigenous restaurants that remain open all night to cater to numerous truck drivers who travel through the area.

Whet your tastebuds with one of these typical specialities when you tour North India:

  • Daal-baati: lentils and wheat rolls popular in arid Rajasthan
  • Butter chicken: chicken in thick gravy, an Indian staple
  • Biryani: rice mixed with spices and meat or vegetable, popular in Delhi
  • Naan: fluffy flat bread, popular in Punjab
  • Chole bhature: spicy chickpea curry served with fried bread
  • Alu paratha: Indian flat bread stuffed with mildly spicy mashed potatoes
  • Raita: yogurt seasoned with herbs and spices and served as a condiment

 

Top North India Tours Tips – Cuisine:

Prepare to be inundated with treats when you visit an Indian household. Most Indian people still believe in the age-old adage atithi devo bhava, meaning a guest is God, and seldom let visitors leave without feeding them.

 North Indian Architecture

From ancient times, North India has housed impressive architecture and some of the finest schools, including the Gandhara School of Art and and the Lion Capital in Sarnath.

The Mughal Emperors of India constructed some of the finest examples of Medieval architecture and not least among these is the glorious Taj Mahal – perfect blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture.

Rajasthani art and culture commemorates ancient traditions and the majestic fortresses and palaces, built by the dominant Rajput groups are a thing of beauty.

Architectural marvels like the sundial Jantar Mantar, built to tell the time, the Chittorgarh Fort, the Golden Temple of Amritsar which which tells a bloody tale, and beautiful Ranakpur and Khajuraho temples, all mesmerize equally.

Even during the last century North India has had many beautiful buildings constructed, including the Lutyens Buildings, built by British architect Edward Lutyens, and Le Corbusier’s Chandigarh.

The Enchanting Travels team look forward to helping you tour North India.

 North India Tours - Things to Do

As India’s most visited region, and housing the renowned monument of love, the Taj Mahal, North India is brimming with extraordinary experiences that bring to life its vibrant and bustling nature, as well as its more rural and delicate character.

North India’s diverse landscapes often dictates your sightseeing activities. In urban cities, you can expect to visit stunning palaces, forts, temples, mosques and local markets. Yet there are rural villages with the odd palace or fort to explore away from the crowds, by foot, bicycle, a vintage car, or even horseback!

The deserts of Rajasthan provide camel safaris whilst tiger spotting can occur in one of India’s most visited national park of Ranthambore. Go to India’s most revered and holy river in Varanasi.

What makes North India incredible are its people – and we have an array of activities where you can interact with locals – from NGO visits, yoga and even cooking classes!

Top 10 Experiences in North India

1. Taj Mahal in Agra

The world’s monument of love, the UNESCO World Heritage site of the Taj Mahal is the most visited attraction in North India – and it is understable why. Morning sunrise and evening sunset visits are the best time explore. If you are lucky enough to visit on a full moon night, you may be able to witness this beautiful white marble structure change colors as the reflection hits the facade

2. Traditional Cooking Class in Delhi

What better way to get a taste for the country than with a private cooking class in the home of a local cook? Understand the complex spice combinations that make the signature Indian dishes the world has come to love.

3. Tiger Safari in Ranthambore

Take a jeep safari into North India’s national park of Ranthambore where you can experience the joy of India’s wildlife. The jungles are home to India’s national animal, the tiger. If you are lucky, you can have your own close encounter with Shere Khan!

4. Boat Ride on River Ganges in Varanasi

Where life and death coexist in harmony, the River Ganges is India’s holiest river and a major pilgrimage site for Hindus, the world over. The best way to explore the River Ganges is with morning and evening boat rides, where you can respectfully observe the busy ghats where hundreds of people gather.

5. Bishnoi Jeep Safari in Osian (near Jodhpur)

For a more unusual village experience, we highly recommend a visit to the desert outside of the blue city of Jodhpur. Meet the ethnic Bishnoi, a community of nature worshippers who live simply in harmony with their environment and learn their time-honoured rituals, both weird and wonderful.

6. Lunch/Dinner at Taj Lake Palace in Udaipur

Built in the center of Lake Pichola which gives it the impression it is floating, Taj Lake Palace is one of the world’s most extraordinary hotels. Even if you aren’t staying there, a lunch or dinner is a wonderful and romantic reminder to your time spent in Udaipur, the City of Lakes, with its authentic and regal Mewar cuisine.

7. Sound & Light Show in Temples of Khajuraho

The UNESCO World Heritage site of Khajuraho with its exemplary ancient temples and erotic Kama Sutra style carvings pay testament to rich Hindu mythology. The Sound & Light Show, which happens in Khajuraho most evenings, is a colorful and vibrant testimonial that shines a light on the fascinating heritage of the Chandela kings.

8. Golden Temple in Amritsar

The holiest shrine for Sikhs, the Golden Temple – officially known as the Harmandir Sahib, brings together pilgrims from around the world. Best visited at night when it is beautifully lit up, you can witness the Palki Sahib ceremony when the Guru Granth Sahib (the central religious scripture of Sikhism) is carried in procession along a human conveyor belt of male pilgrims, from the main shrine to its night time abode.

9. Rural Rail Ride in Rajasthan

Gain a most local experience of rural Rajasthan aboard a small train, as it travels through viaducts and tunnels across forested hills. Little has changed in these villages, and time will appear to have stood still as you meet and converse with friendly people, delighted to see a visitor using their local rail service!

10. Victorian Walk in Lucknow

Discover the days of the British Raj with a unique guided walk through the spaghetti streets of Lucknow, where you call learn all about the colonial history and legacy of the East India Company. Learn how the British impacted arts, literature, architecture and culture – including establishing a nation of chai or tea lovers!

 

 Annual Events to Include in Your North India Tour

Jaipur Literature Festival

What: The leading and famed writers of the world congregate for three days of highbrow activity. Allow your literary senses to be spellbound by packed schedule of readings and discussions.
When: January
Where: Jaipur, Rajasthan

Khajuraho Dance Festival

What: This week-long cultural festival brings an array of revered dance troupes and classical dancers from across the different regions of India and the world to perform and celebrate the world of classical dance, with the UNESCO World Heritage site of the Khajuraho temples as a powerful and mesmerising backdrop.
When: February
Where: Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh

Jaisalmer Desert Festival

What: This three day folk festival celebrates the traditions of the inhabitants of the desert and their nomadic way of life. Discover the culture, music and colorful fashions with an explosion of music and dance performance.
When: February
Where: Jaisalmer, Rajasthan

Bikaner Camel Festival

What: The desert’s most revered animal, the camel is celebrated! Decorated in exquisite costumes, camels are paraded from Junagarh Fort through the streets of the usually sleepy Rajasthani town of Bikaner to the Polo Ground.
When : January
Where: Bikaner, Rajasthan

Holi

The Hindu festival of color is a fabulous occasion, where locals of all ages take to the street to ‘play colors’. In Jaipur there’s a famous festival where elephants are ornately decorated and you can observe and even participate in fun competitions, from tugs of war to elephant races!
When: March/April
Where: Across North India, but especially Jaipur

Eid ul-Fitr

What: The Muslim community congregate to celebrate the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of sawm (fasting). This joyful festival that promotes togetherness is a time for feasting, gifting, and sweets!
When: June/July
Where: Across India, but especially at Jama Masjid, New Delhi

Jodhpur RIFF

What: The Jodhpur RIFF is one of the most legendary folk festivals, as it brings together musicians and artists from all over the world, with often exciting musical fusion performances. The backdrop to this inspiring event is the impressive Mehrangarh Fort.
When: October
Where: Jodhpur, Rajasthan

Diwali

The Hindu festival of lights is celebrated across India, but especially in Northern India. Witness how urban areas come to life with the celebration of good over evil with firecrackers and fireworks.
When: October/November
Where: Across India, but especially in Delhi

Pushkar Mela

What: As one of the largest livestock fairs globally, the Pushkar Mela is a cattle fair that combines the nomadic culture of Rajasthan, trade, and even a longest moustache competition!
When: November
Where: Pushkar, Rajasthan

Vintage Car Festival

What: Celebrate the world of vintage cars from collectors across India. This historical festival, which first took place in 1904 during the British reign, showcases an extraordinary collection of well-maintained automobiles.
When: December
Where: Lucknow

Explore further information about our luxury North India Tours and other destinations for your private India Tour

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