Tour North India: Emperors & Maharajas Rule

Our private North India tours offer a mosaic of influences that can be attributed to the armies who have marched through this bold and diverse landscape – from Alexander the Great to the Mughals, and most recently, the British.

In Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, fortresses and palaces bear witness to the wealth of the region’s legendary warriors.

In Agra, the Taj Mahal tells an eternal love story, while farther East, the Ganges welcomes pilgrims and visitors to Varanasi, the City of Light.

 Places in North India


 History of North India

For centuries, North India has seen empires rise and fall, starting with the grand Indus Valley civilization, which was among the first three civilizations in the world!

Aryan migration from Central Asia forced the original Dravidian inhabitants to move southwards although North India resisted several invasions from the West, including that of Macedonian Alexander the Great.

In the 4th century BCE, Chandragupta Maurya extended his kingdom to include the whole of North India. His descendant Ashoka helped spread Buddhism throughout India and Asia.

In the Middle Ages, Muslim armies began to invade North India, starting with Muhammad of Ghazni in the 11th century CE, which paved the way for Babur – the first Mughal Emperor of India.

The Mughals brought an age of enlightenment and prosperity to North India. Akbar, was known as a wise and just Mughal ruler and Shah Jahan is credited with building the Taj Mahal in memory of his beloved wife.

Several powerful groups opposed Mughal rule from time to time, including the fierce Rajputs of Rajasthan and the Marathas led by Shivaji, but were eventually subdued.

European presence in India dates back to the 15th century with the arrival of the Portuguese in the south-western coast.

The British proved to be the dominant colonial power in India by the 19th century, abolishing several draconian practices, building railways and espousing education, yet their colonial rule caused some of the worst famines and genocides in Indian history..

After much struggle and strife, India achieved independence in 1947 but had to pay a heavy price in the form of the partition.

North India was divided to form the Islamic nation of Pakistan and millions of Hindus migrated to for fear of persecution.

Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first prime minister, did much to bring stability and peace to the country.

When Nehru’s daughter, Indira Gandhi ascended the throne, she faced a nation grappling with severe economic and social problems. Police brutality, unrest and upheavals continued in North India for several decades.

Delhi, the seat of the Indian government and the heart of the country, has indeed seen it all!

Today, the united North is a perfect representation of diverse religions, cultures and traditions that make up India.

Top North India Tours Tips – History:

The Vedas – sacred Hindu scriptures, were penned around 1200 BCE and the Hindu social system was firmly established around this time. Even today, the rigid caste system prevails in rural areas and you will find the upper castes maintaining their distance from the lower untouchable castes.

 North India's Culture

You will see much culture when you tour North India, as it is a melting pot of various traditions and customs, having assimilated influences over centuries.

Women predominantly wear the traditional salwar-kameez or sari, although in rural parts of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, the ghagra-choli (skirt and blouse) is more prevalent.

North Indian men usually wear a kurta with pyjamas or a traditional garment called dhoti. Turbans or headgear are worn as a sign of one’s status.

Traditionally worn to as a symbol of female energy designed to protect the wearer and her spouse, bindis today are no longer limited to married women. As a result, colorful and decorative bindis can be seen to line the foreheads of many women.

North India has various ethnic and religious groups such as Brahmins, Jats, Rajputs and Dalits. Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs and Jains regularly rub shoulders in this multilingual and multicultural part of India.

Hindi is spoken and understood everywhere, although in the interiors of each state, local people converse in regional languages.

Varanasi, which is popularly called the oldest city in the world, is considered the spiritual capital of India.

Thousands of pilgrims travel to the city every year, to bathe in the waters of the holy river Ganges and to perform Hindu funeral rites.

The city also houses the Kashi Vishwanath – one of the most revered Hindu temples in India.

Art, painting, sculpting, dance and music are various important tenets of North Indian culture.

Revered poet Kalidasa, as well as scholars like Panini, Tulsidas and Chand Bardai were all from this region.

North Indian painting is not to be taken lightly either – Rajasthani art and Rajput miniature paintings have etched out their own niche in Indian history.

Hindustani classical music traces its roots back to the Vedic time in North India, and starting from the fun Bhangra to the traditional Kathak, the region boasts various forms of dance as well.

Top North India Tours Tips – Culture:

Garlanding is a sign of respect in North India and garlands are offered to deities or honored visitors. Flowers are supposed to be auspicious and their aroma is expected to rejuvenate you.

 Cuisine of North India

Wheat, grown abundantly in the fertile lands of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, is a staple part of every North Indian diet, usually consumed as chapati or flatbread. This is served with a variety of curries.

Many North Indian Hindus are vegetarians although non-vegetarian fare is readily available in all parts of the region.

North Indian cuisine usually boast thick and creamy curries, and sweets are found in almost every street corner.

Apart from art and architecture, the Mughals also brought their cuisine to North India.

Mughlai food, with its full-bodied flavor, delicious aroma and distinctive cooking style, entices you especially in the streets of Old Delhi. Primarily meat-based, these dishes are popularly eaten in many other parts of India too.

The Mughals are responsible for the advent of biryani which has certainly taken the nation by storm.

Originally cooked with mutton and fine rice, biryani is said to have fed the millions of Mughal troops and keep them battle-ready!

Punjabi food has a charm of its own. Generous doses of spices and ghee (clarified butter) characterizes Punjabi food and the area is known particularly for the numerous street-side dhabas, or indigenous restaurants that remain open all night to cater to numerous truck drivers who travel through the area.

Whet your tastebuds with one of these typical specialities when you tour North India:

  • Daal-baati: lentils and wheat rolls popular in arid Rajasthan
  • Butter chicken: chicken in thick gravy, an Indian staple
  • Biryani: rice mixed with spices and meat or vegetable, popular in Delhi
  • Naan: fluffy flat bread, popular in Punjab
  • Chole bhature: spicy chickpea curry served with fried bread
  • Alu paratha: Indian flat bread stuffed with mildly spicy mashed potatoes
  • Raita: yogurt seasoned with herbs and spices and served as a condiment


Top North India Tours Tips – Cuisine:

Prepare to be inundated with treats when you visit an Indian household. Most Indian people still believe in the age-old adage atithi devo bhava, meaning a guest is God, and seldom let visitors leave without feeding them.

 North Indian Architecture

From ancient times, North India has housed impressive architecture and some of the finest schools, including the Gandhara School of Art and and the Lion Capital in Sarnath.

The Mughal Emperors of India constructed some of the finest examples of Medieval architecture and not least among these is the glorious Taj Mahal – perfect blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture.

Rajasthani art and culture commemorates ancient traditions and the majestic fortresses and palaces, built by the dominant Rajput groups are a thing of beauty.

Architectural marvels like the sundial Jantar Mantar, built to tell the time, the Chittorgarh Fort, the Golden Temple of Amritsar which which tells a bloody tale, and beautiful Ranakpur and Khajuraho temples, all mesmerize equally.

Even during the last century North India has had many beautiful buildings constructed, including the Lutyens Buildings, built by British architect Edward Lutyens, and Le Corbusier’s Chandigarh.

The Enchanting Travels team look forward to helping you tour North India.

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