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Nairobi - History of Kenya

Kenya’s History

Did you know that Kenya is considered by paleontologists to be the first inhabited place on earth? 

A population of hunter-gatherers existed around two million years ago before herders and then Arab seafarers arrived in the 700s along the coastal regions. Renowned Portuguese explorer Vasca de Gama was the first European to reach Kenya in 1498, and then dominated and controlled the coast for two decades.

The British took control of Kenya in the late 19th century after mapping the region. By the 1920s, an East Africa Association had been formed that campaigned for power to go back to native Kenyans and that founded schools. Despite fighting in the Second World War, the native Africans were treated second class and an uprising (Mau Mau) took place. 

Kenya attained complete independence in 1963 and joined the Commonwealth. Jomo Kenyatta, who had previously been jailed by the British, became the country’s first president.

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