Private tailor-made journeys of a lifetime 1 888 263 2574
USA
  • AUS
  • DEU
USA
  • AUS
  • DEU
Zanzibar's Stone Town - History of Tanzania

History of Tanzania

Discover the heritage and history of Tanzania with our travel tips.

The first humans in Tanzania were hunters and gatherers and agriculture is thought to have begun around 1,000 BC. By the 4th century AD, Bantu people, with their iron tools and weapons, began migrating to Tanzania, followed by the Persians, Romans, and eventually the Arab merchants who brought Islam to the country in the 8th century.

Renowned Portuguese explorer Vasco Da Gama traveled to Tanzania in 1498 and captured many of the islands. By the early 18th century, the spice island of Zanzibar was held by the Sultan of Oman, before the British took over and abolished the slave trade that was renowned in Zanzibar in the late 19th century. The mainland area of what is known today as Tanzania, is thought to have been named by a British civil servant in 1920, derived from the Swahili words ‘tanga’ (sail) and ‘nyika’ (bright arid plain).

Independence reached Tanzania in 1961 and by the following year the country became a republic with Julius Nyerere as Prime Minister and the father of the nation. A policy of socialism was adopted but failed, causing the country to go into debt until the mid-1980s.

Today, after political and economic reform, the country is recovering and Tanzania tours have prospered. The country is not only strong but also graciously offers refuge to over a half a million civilians fleeing violence from surrounding countries.

Excellent / 4.9 out of 5
from the blog
Tanzania safari: North or South?
By: Jo Kromberg
9 min

North or South: Which is the best Tanzania Safari?

Discover the best Tanzania safari for your African vacation with these travel tips from our experts.

READ POST

Load More
Popular trips to tanzania
Bwindi Jungle Lodge, Kisoro, Uganda

Gorilla Trekking and Safari

11 Days: $ 10,890 / person
Discover the raw circle of life play out before you at legendary landscapes in East Africa! Starting in the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest of Uganda, come face to face with the last remaining mountain gorillas in the world on a personalized trek.
Details Inquire
Guest Chalets at Rubondo Island Camp Hotel, Lake Victoria in Tanzania

Lakeside Luxury and Wildlife in Tanzania

10 Days: $ 10,090 / person
Wonder at the vast magnificence of Lake Victoria, get up close and personal with the wildlife in Serengeti and let Rubondo Island National Park take your breath away! This private Tanzania trip will cast a spell on you while you rest your head at beautiful and luxurious accommodations.
Details Inquire
Enchanting Travels - Tanzania Tours - West Kilimanjaro - Elephant with Mount Kilimanjaro in the background

Classic Northern Tanzania

7 Days: $ 4,590 / person
Explore the highlights of Northern Tanzania on this luxury safari vacation. Witness the magnificent Kilimanjaro at Arusha, meet the tree-climbing lions and other animals and birds of Manyara, watch the eternal cycle of life and death play out from up close at the lush Ngorongoro Crater, and enjoy the great annual spectacle of two million […]
Details Inquire
Load More
OUR AWARDS
At Enchanting Travels, our unique tours are built on extensive knowledge of our destinations, an outstanding team of professionals, and personalized top-notch service. In 2019, we were recognized with the Travel Weekly Magellan Gold Award for being the World’s Leading Tour Operator – Overall. In 2020, we have been nominated by World Travel Awards as Europe’s and North America’s Leading Tour Operator, and have won the Most Trusted Online Tour Operator Award by Lux Life Magazine.

“This was truly an “Enchanting” adventure! The value and service was beyond excellent! The entire team ensured every detail was taken care of and went out of their way to welcome us! And every hotel and excursion was amazing, and we were greeted with welcoming open arms every where we stayed! Nothing was left to chance…and we felt so secure knowing Enchanting Travels had everything lined up for us! Even our lodges said Enchanting Travels was a top-notch company!”

Rating 5/5

David FeitlerUSA

“We have used Enchanting Travels twice to help us with our African adventures, and totally appreciate the details and planning. Visiting several countries in Africa requires transfers and planning, and Enchanting were on top of everything.”

Rating 5/5

Carolyn DavidUSA

“We received complete support from Enchanting’s travel experts from day 1. They were very prompt in developing an itinerary that fit into our budget and interests; answered all our questions with clarity and advised on various options and special arrangements we wanted to make.”

Rating 5/5

Vijay KayathUSA

“This was the trip of a lifetime for my husband and I. It was first class service from the moment we landed. The ease of having everything pre-booked for us really allowed us to enjoy our trip. I would highly recommend this service for anyone looking to plan a trip like this.”

Rating 5/5

Alan Strozza & Lori BesenUSA

“We chose Enchanting Travels for a Kenya, South Africa and Botswana trip. We will not hesitate to rely on them in the future. Everyone from start to finish was informative and dependable. Enchanting Travels even surprised us with an awesome dinner experience for just the two of us.”

Rating 5/5

Sherrie & StevenUSA

“We have traveled with Enchanting five years in a row. The travel experience with Enchanting has always been unique and memorable for us, for they offer fully customized itineraries that perfectly suit our needs. They always go above and beyond to fulfill our needs throughout our travel.”

Rating 5/5

Alison LoveUSA

THE ENCHANTING DIFFERENCE

Safe & Secure

Our global network of partners on the ground are able to share the most up-to-date advice and recommendations on COVID-19. We only offer hotels and vehicles with the highest health and safety standards.

Financial Protection & Flexibility

We believe in complete transparency. We are bonded members and license holders of all leading travel organizations. Your booking is flexible and completely secure with us.

Fully Supported Travel

Your dedicated and personal trip coordinator is available around-the-clock throughout your trip to accommodate requests, take care of the details, and handle any unforeseen situations.

Authentic & Unique

Go off the beaten track. Our award-winning, licensed local guides provide incredible insights and insider tips, passionately bringing alive unique and exclusive experiences for you.

Personalized & Private

Discover our enchanting world your way. Our experts completely customize your private tour to match your interests and preferences through their comprehensive knowledge of each destination.

High Quality Experiences

All our accommodations and services are personally tested by our team. Tell us your travel dream and we will create an itinerary packed with the best experiences your destination has to offer.

WHAT OUR GUESTs SAY

One of the very best travel experiences I have ever had. We even got updates once at 3 am! He also made one change in one day’s itinerary to accommodate our wishes which was very wonderful. For business, I have traveled to Europe, Russia, all over Asia and South Africa but was blown away by all the beautiful sites in Argentina and Chile.

Rating 5/5
Enchanting Travels- Chile Tours Fishing boat and old Dock, Puerto Natales, Antartica Mexico holiday

Joseph MatheyUSA

All the little touches made by our Enchanting Travel consultant, Amelia Edwards, were noticed and recognized by my wife and I. Thank you for making our milestone trip (25th wedding anniversary) such a memorable one! We look forward to engaging Enchanting Travels again for our next South American adventure!!

Rating 5/5
Buenos Aires Sehenswürdigkeiten: Kongressgebäude Mexico holiday

Raymond SuireUSA

This was my first adventure as a solo traveler. But while I may have traveled on my own, I was never alone. I was well taken care of by a superb team of planners, trip coordinators, guides and drivers.

Rating 5/5
Bolivia - Uyuni - People & Car standing in Salt flats

Lori McCarneyUSA

Do you have a vacation in mind? Let us help you create the trip of a lifetime.