Private tailor-made journeys of a lifetime 1 888 263 2574 Contact Us
USA
  • AUS
  • DEU
USA
  • AUS
  • DEU
Zanzibar's Stone Town - History of Tanzania

History of Tanzania

Discover the heritage and history of Tanzania with our travel tips.

The first humans in Tanzania were hunters and gatherers and agriculture is thought to have begun around 1,000 BC. By the 4th century AD, Bantu people, with their iron tools and weapons, began migrating to Tanzania, followed by the Persians, Romans, and eventually the Arab merchants who brought Islam to the country in the 8th century.

Renowned Portuguese explorer Vasco Da Gama traveled to Tanzania in 1498 and captured many of the islands. By the early 18th century, the spice island of Zanzibar was held by the Sultan of Oman, before the British took over and abolished the slave trade that was renowned in Zanzibar in the late 19th century. The mainland area of what is known today as Tanzania, is thought to have been named by a British civil servant in 1920, derived from the Swahili words ‘tanga’ (sail) and ‘nyika’ (bright arid plain).

Independence reached Tanzania in 1961 and by the following year the country became a republic with Julius Nyerere as Prime Minister and the father of the nation. A policy of socialism was adopted but failed, causing the country to go into debt until the mid-1980s.

Today, after political and economic reform, the country is recovering and Tanzania tours have prospered. The country is not only strong but also graciously offers refuge to over a half a million civilians fleeing violence from surrounding countries.

Excellent / 4.9 out of 5
from the blog
Tanzania safari: North or South?
By: Jo Kromberg
9 min

North or South: Which is the best Tanzania Safari?

Discover the best Tanzania safari for your African vacation with these travel tips from our experts.

READ POST

Popular trips to tanzania
Tanzania, Botswana and Zambia: From Kilimanjaro to the Falls

Tanzania, Botswana and Zambia: From Kilimanjaro to the Falls

15 Days: $ 17,190 / person
This is the quintessential African safari vacation. The 15-day tour takes you across some of the continent’s best game reserves in Botswana, Tanzania and Zambia.
Details Inquire
Tanzania, Botswana and Zambia: From Kilimanjaro to the Falls

Lavish Luxury Northern Tanzania

10 Days: $ 12,190 / person
Discover the beauty of Northern Tanzania on this 10-day luxury tour. From the crowning glory of Tanzania, the snow-capped Mount Kilimanjaro, to the diversity of wildlife in Northern Serengeti, the tour offers plenty of opportunities to quench your taste for adventure.
Details Inquire
Tanzania, Botswana and Zambia: From Kilimanjaro to the Falls

Tanzania, Kenya and Zambia: Safari and the Falls

12 Days: $ 9,690 / person
Few things are as awe-inspiring as gazing at the majestic Victoria Falls or witnessing nocturnal life in the Masai Mara. You can experience all that and more on this 12-day tour of Tanzania, Kenya and Zambia.
Details Inquire
Load More
OUR AWARDS
At Enchanting Travels, our unique tours are built on extensive knowledge of our destinations, an outstanding team of professionals, and personalized top-notch service. Our work is consistently recognized by prestigious organizations across the travel industry. In 2020, we received the Travel Weekly Magellan Gold Award for World’s Leading Tour Operator – Overall, the Lux Life Magazine Award for Most Trusted Online Tour Operator, and North America’s Leading Tour Operator by World Travel Awards. In 2021, we have won the Lux Life Magazine Award for Best Global Custom Travel Company – USA.
Tanzania, Botswana and Zambia: From Kilimanjaro to the FallsLux 2020 Travel & Tourism AwardMagellan Awards 2019Magellan Gold Awards 2020North America Leading Tour Operator - World Travel Award 2020Worlds Leading Tour Operator - World Travel Award 2020

“This was truly an “Enchanting” adventure! The value and service was beyond excellent! The entire team ensured every detail was taken care of and went out of their way to welcome us! And every hotel and excursion was amazing, and we were greeted with welcoming open arms every where we stayed! Nothing was left to chance…and we felt so secure knowing Enchanting Travels had everything lined up for us! Even our lodges said Enchanting Travels was a top-notch company!”

Rating 5/5
Tanzania, Botswana and Zambia: From Kilimanjaro to the Falls

David FeitlerUSA

“We have used Enchanting Travels twice to help us with our African adventures, and totally appreciate the details and planning. Visiting several countries in Africa requires transfers and planning, and Enchanting were on top of everything.”

Rating 5/5
Tanzania, Botswana and Zambia: From Kilimanjaro to the Falls

Carolyn DavidUSA

“We received complete support from Enchanting’s travel experts from day 1. They were very prompt in developing an itinerary that fit into our budget and interests; answered all our questions with clarity and advised on various options and special arrangements we wanted to make.”

Rating 5/5
Tanzania, Botswana and Zambia: From Kilimanjaro to the Falls

Vijay KayathUSA

“This was the trip of a lifetime for my husband and I. It was first class service from the moment we landed. The ease of having everything pre-booked for us really allowed us to enjoy our trip. I would highly recommend this service for anyone looking to plan a trip like this.”

Rating 5/5
Tanzania, Botswana and Zambia: From Kilimanjaro to the Falls

Alan Strozza & Lori BesenUSA

“We chose Enchanting Travels for a Kenya, South Africa and Botswana trip. We will not hesitate to rely on them in the future. Everyone from start to finish was informative and dependable. Enchanting Travels even surprised us with an awesome dinner experience for just the two of us.”

Rating 5/5
Tanzania, Botswana and Zambia: From Kilimanjaro to the Falls

Sherrie & StevenUSA

“We have traveled with Enchanting five years in a row. The travel experience with Enchanting has always been unique and memorable for us, for they offer fully customized itineraries that perfectly suit our needs. They always go above and beyond to fulfill our needs throughout our travel.”

Rating 5/5
Tanzania, Botswana and Zambia: From Kilimanjaro to the Falls

Alison LoveUSA

THE ENCHANTING DIFFERENCE

Safe & Secure

Our global network of partners on the ground is able to share the most up-to-date advice and recommendations on COVID-19. We only offer hotels and vehicles with the highest health and safety standards.

Financial Protection & Flexibility

We believe in complete transparency. We are bonded members and license holders of all leading travel organizations. Your booking is flexible and completely secure with us.

Fully Supported Travel

Your dedicated and personal trip coordinator is available around the clock during your trip to accommodate requests, take care of the details, and handle any unforeseen situations.

Authentic & Unique

Go off the beaten track. Our award-winning, licensed local guides provide incredible insights and insider tips, passionately bringing alive unique and exclusive experiences for you.

Personalized & Private

Discover our enchanting world your way. Our experts completely customize your private tour to match your interests and preferences through their comprehensive knowledge of each destination.

High Quality Experiences

All our accommodations and services are personally tested by our team. Tell us your travel dream and we will create an itinerary packed with the best experiences your destination has to offer.

Do you have a vacation in mind? Let us help you create the trip of a lifetime.