Private tailor-made journeys of a lifetime 1 888 263 2574
USA
  • AUS
  • DEU
USA
  • AUS
  • DEU
History of Rwanda

History of Rwanda

Discover the heritage and history of Rwanda with our travel tips.

Rwanda’s human history is thought to have begun after the last ice age. Kingdoms were formed and settlements were organized. Rwanda was visited by German Count Von Goetzen in 1894 and European missionaries followed. Five years later, the country became a German protectorate.

The Belgians took control of Rwanda in 1915 after the First World War and divided the country into three groups: potters (Twa), farmers (Hutu) and cattle breeders (Tutsi). A national ethnic identity card was introduced two decades later that reflected which group an individual belonged to. This card played a key part in one of modern Africa’s saddest times.

In 1959 the Hutu majority, supported by Belgium, overthrew what had been a Tutsi monarchy. Many Rwandans were killed or fled the country during this uprising. Rwanda obtained its independence in 1962, but the existing tension of ethnic division led to a 100 days genocide in 1994. This started when a plane carrying Rwanda’s president was shot down. The Hutu and the national army struck back at the Tutsi people.

Rwanda’s genocide, that took the lives of 800,000 Tutsis and Hutu sympathizers, ended when a military group of exiled Tutsis, known as the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), slowly took over the country.

We highly recommend you watch the highly acclaimed movie, Hotel Rwanda, for an insight into this sad time in Rwanda’s history.

Today, the country is peaceful and many of the two million citizens who had fled to neighboring countries have returned to their land. Tourism in Rwanda has increased, especially due to the opportunities for gorilla trekking in Rwanda.

Excellent / 4.9 out of 5
from the blog
Enchanting Travels African safari parks to see
By: Mouli
14 min

Top five best African Safari Parks you have to see!

Come away with us to a wild, wild land. Such is the pull of the best African safari parks that we guarantee you’ll be coming back for more.

READ POST

Enchanting Travels Wildlife Tour
By: Jen
13 min

Where the Wild Things are: Wildlife Tour Recommendations

Planning a wildlife tour? From underwater expeditions in the depths of the oceans to the best African safari tours and the jungle jaunts in Borneo, journey to where the wild things are.

READ POST

Load More
Popular trips to rwanda
Giraffes and zebras in the Serengeti

Gorillas, Great Migration and Indian Ocean Dreams

13 Days: $ 11,090 / person
Travel to Rwanda and Tanzania for a unique insight into the diversity of East Africa. Go gorilla trekking in the rainforests of Rwanda, head out on a classic safari in Serengeti National Park, then head to Zanzibar for some chic island relaxation.
Details Inquire
Gorilla trekking at Mountain Gorilla View, Rwanda

Gorilla Trekking in Rwanda

6 Days: $ 5,290 / person
Follow in the footsteps of Dian Fossey. This short trip takes you deep into the heart of gorilla territory – Volcanos National Park, where half the world’s gorilla population lives!
Details Inquire
Best time to Travel to Tanzania Africa Safari tour

Highlights of Africa

16 Days: $ 13,790 / person
Discover the best loved landscapes and scintillating experiences during your safari in Africa. Venture deep into verdant forests to meet the mountain gorillas, enjoy breathtaking landscapes and awe-inspiring safaris in the heart of the African wilderness, unearth the thundering Victoria Falls and soak in the vibrant culture of Cape Town on this private, custom Africa […]
Details Inquire
Load More
THE ENCHANTING DIFFERENCE

Safe & Secure

Our global network of partners on the ground are able to share the most up-to-date advice and recommendations on COVID-19. We only offer hotels and vehicles with the highest health and safety standards.

Financial Protection & Flexibility

We believe in complete transparency. We are bonded members and license holders of all leading travel organizations. Your booking is flexible and completely secure with us.

Fully Supported Travel

Your dedicated and personal trip coordinator is available around-the-clock throughout your trip to accommodate requests, take care of the details, and handle any unforeseen situations.

Authentic & Unique

Go off the beaten track. Our award-winning, licensed local guides provide incredible insights and insider tips, passionately bringing alive unique and exclusive experiences for you.

Personalized & Private

Discover our enchanting world your way. Our experts completely customize your private tour to match your interests and preferences through their comprehensive knowledge of each destination.

High Quality Experiences

All our accommodations and services are personally tested by our team. Tell us your travel dream and we will create an itinerary packed with the best experiences your destination has to offer.

WHAT OUR GUESTs SAY

One of the very best travel experiences I have ever had. We even got updates once at 3 am! He also made one change in one day’s itinerary to accommodate our wishes which was very wonderful. For business, I have traveled to Europe, Russia, all over Asia and South Africa but was blown away by all the beautiful sites in Argentina and Chile.

Rating 5/5
Enchanting Travels- Chile Tours Fishing boat and old Dock, Puerto Natales, Antartica Mexico holiday

Joseph MatheyUSA

All the little touches made by our Enchanting Travel consultant, Amelia Edwards, were noticed and recognized by my wife and I. Thank you for making our milestone trip (25th wedding anniversary) such a memorable one! We look forward to engaging Enchanting Travels again for our next South American adventure!!

Rating 5/5
Buenos Aires Sehenswürdigkeiten: Kongressgebäude Mexico holiday

Raymond SuireUSA

This was my first adventure as a solo traveler. But while I may have traveled on my own, I was never alone. I was well taken care of by a superb team of planners, trip coordinators, guides and drivers.

Rating 5/5
Bolivia - Uyuni - People & Car standing in Salt flats

Lori McCarneyUSA

Do you have a vacation in mind? Personalize your itinerary with our Trip Builder.