The best travel time for Myanmar travel is the months of November to March. It is still dry in April and May, but it is a short time before the monsoon.
The rainy season lasts from June to October, in the central regions around Bagan and Mandalay.
The monsoon season starts a little later and the coasts are raining very often and intensively. Nevertheless, this season can also be a charming time for visitors. Do note that various activities, such as trekking or beach vacations, are not possible or only to a very limited extent.
Plains (Yangon, Bagan, Mandalay, Ngapali):
High season: November – March
Low season: April – October
Restricted to: May, July – September
Higher regions (Inle Lake, Kyaing Tong, Hsipaw, Kalaw, Pyin Oo Lwin):
Main season: November, March – April
Low season: July – October, December – February
Restricted to: May – June
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Top 10 Attractions, Activities & Highlights in Myanmar
On a Bagan balloon trip – the highlight of every Myanmar tour – you can experience the royal city with its numerous temples from a very special bird’s eye perspective. The majestic pagoda ruins extend over 36 km and are a UNESCO World Heritage site.
In the mystical Kaw Goon Cave in Hpa An, there are over 1,000 Buddha statues.
Head to the Thanboddhay Paya Pagoda at Monywa, which houses an incredible 600,000 Buddhist temples. The complex is a place of true superlatives: hundreds of stupas and millions of statues and sacred images are waiting to be discovered by you.
The imposing Goteik Viaduct near Pyin Oo Lwin was completed in 1900 and was once the largest railway viaduct in the world. Almost 800 meters long and more than 100 meters high, the building still traces the Gokteik Gorge.
The gold-shining Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon is one of the most famous stupas in the world and a landmark of Myanmar. This legendary, imposing structure surpasses all the buildings of the city and is over 2,500 years old.
Enjoy peace and relaxation at the fantastic Ngwe Saung Beach. Located on the western coast of Myanmar, this beach has only become a popular destination in recent years, which is why you will find unspoiled nature here.
Meet the ghosts of Myanmar on Mount Popa. At almost 800 meters, the sacred beings are at home according to local traditions. The extinct volcano offers not only spiritual encounters, but also an overwhelming view of the surrounding flatland.
The numerous monasteries of Mawlamyine make this coastal town one of the most important spiritual centers of Myanmar. The Yele Paya Buddhist Temple has a breathtaking view of the ocean.
The cultural center of Myanmar is Mandalay. The city lies on the banks of the Ayeyarwady River and houses golden-shaded pagodas, temples and lively markets. The most beautiful view of Mandalay is from the Kaunghmudaw Pagoda.
Walk up the forest-covered mountains and experience one of the landmarks of Myanmar! In the midst of a picturesque mountain range, the famous sacred rock Kyaiktiyo glimmers in a thousand gold tones.
Do not want to discover Myanmar’s attractions for yourself? Our Asia Travel Specialists will find the perfect travel route for your Myanmar tour!
History of Myanmar
A former British colonial stronghold in southeast Asia, Myanmar (previously known as Burma), has experienced several upheavals over the centuries.
Only once did Myanmar truly prosper in its history. This golden age was during the 11th century when the Pagan Empire was in power.
Sadly, two centuries later Kublai Khan’s army swept through the country and plunged Myanmar into darkness.
The Second World War brought fresh misfortune as Myanmar was a key battleground in the war, liberated only just before the Japanese surrender in 1945.
The regimes that followed crippled the economy, imposing martial law and changing the country’s name from Burma to Myanmar, ostensibly to rid them of the vestiges of colonial rule. Myanmar suffered greatly during this time.
Elections were repeatedly postponed, but order was restored after an intervention from the United Nations.
Today, despite some difficulties, the political condition of the country is on the upswing and Myanmar tours have opened up the country to additional economic strength.
Top Myanmar Travel Tips – History:
Myanmar tours are incomplete without a visit to the historical temple complex in Bagan. Pack good walking shoes as this incredible sight is spread across 104 km².
Myanmar tours are not just about glittering gold pagodas. The people here will enchant you as well!
Despite strict military rule and almost no exposure to modern western culture, the Burmese people welcome visitors with open arms.
85% of the population follow Theravada Buddhism. Novitiation, when young boys are initiated into the Buddhist order, is a compulsory ritual.
Indian, Chinese and colonial influences are evident in the former British capital of Yangon.
Artistic inclinations are encouraged in Myanmar, especially silk weaving, painting, tapestry, pottery and gemstone engraving. Gold leafing is also rather popular here.
Marionette and puppet shows are an important part of Myanmar tours. Marionettes are a common part of the culture, and during festivals puppets are dressed ornately for shows at pagoda festivals and theaters in Yangon and Mandalay.
Over 111 languages are spoken within the borders of Myanmar, although about two-thirds of the population speak Burmese – the official language. English is widely spoken in the urban areas of Yangon, Mandalay and Bagan.
Top Myanmar Travel Tip – Culture:
Don’t be surprised to see women walking around the streets with white paste smeared across their faces. The traditional paste, called thanaka, acts as a natural sunscreen and has many other medicinal benefits. You could even try your hand at it during your Myanmar tours!
Cuisine of Myanmar
Myanmar tours are as much about the food as they are about the landscape and cultural experiences. Burmese cuisine is mainly hot and spiced with onions, ginger, garlic and chillies and it is influenced heavily by its neighboring countries China, India and Thailand.
Stir-fries in Chinese style, samosas, biryani and flatbread in Indian style, and fried insects – a Thai legacy, all jostle for space in the long list of Burmese delicacies!
Dishes in Myanmar are typically prepared in a fish or meat broth. Rice is a staple, and forms about 75% of the diet but noodles are also popular.
A typical meal involves an assortment of various dishes – boiled rice, a fish dish, curried poultry or meat, a soup, vegetables and fritters or cracker.
In the lower parts of Burma, pickled fish in sauce is very popular.
Try some authentic delicacies during your Myanmar tours:
La-phet: fermented pickled tea leaves (Myanmar is perhaps the only country in the world where tea is not just drunk but also eaten!)
Mohinga: rice noodles served with fish soup, Myanmar’s national dish
Gyin thoke: ginger salad with fried beans and sesame
Nan bya: buttered Burmese-style naan served with mutton soup
Phaluda: rose water mixed with coconut, jello, milk and served with ice cream or custard
Top Myanmar Travel Tips – Cuisine:
Myanmar tours introduce you to excellent and refreshing salads that are popularly eaten as street food all across the country.
The Enchanting Travels team is happy to help you plan your private and tailor-made Myanmar tours.