Nepal began almost 2,500 years ago with the advent of the aboriginal Kiratis, who were sheep farmers with an inexplicable penchant for knives.
Little is known of the time that followed, except that Kathmandu was established in the 10th century.
In the mid-18th century, Nepal was united under the Gurkha ruler Prithvi Narayan Shah, whose dynasty sits on the throne even today.
The Nepalese fought a two-year war with the British Empire in 1814. A treaty ensured the presence of a British emissary in the Nepali court, as well as a large part of the country being lost to them.
The British were so impressed by the skills of the Gurkha warriors that they actually employed them in their own army during the two World Wars and Nepal was a great ally to Britain during this time.
Nepal suffered greatly when a man called Rang Bahadur seized control and declared himself Rana (prime minister) in 1846. It wasn’t until 1950 that the royal Shahs’ regained the throne and their power.
Many years of political unrest ensued, with the alternate rise and fall of civil and dynastic rule. Nepal tours began in earnest only in the latter part of the 20th century, bringing much revenue into the Himalayan kingdom.
Nepal is today considered stable and making positive progress towards becoming a prosperous country again, even in spite of the recent tragic earthquakes in 2015 that affected many regions.
Top Nepal Travel Tip – History:
The historic town of Kapilavastu in Nepal is certainly worth a visit during Nepal tours. It is the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama, who attained enlightenment and came to be known as the Buddha, and influenced all of Asia through his religious teachings.