Rwanda Tours: Discover the Land of a Thousand Hills

Do you want to spend time observing a band of gorillas? With your own tailor-made Rwanda tours, enjoy a most memorable experience!

Best known for its wealth of primates, Rwanda is home to the endangered mountain gorillas and some wonderful hiking spots.

Gorilla trekking in Rwanda, through Parc National des Volcans is particularly enjoyable. Look into the caldera of a volcano and visit the grave of renowned gorilla researcher Dian Fossey.

Though guests to Rwanda will be conscious of the 1994 genocide, its memory is not overwhelming, and the welcoming Rwandan people have successfully embarked on a journey towards healing ethnic divisions.

Go canoeing on one of the many small lakes, visit remote island communities, or enjoy a boat cruise on Lake Kivu with breathtaking views of the mountains in Congo!

Birdwatchers will appreciate the incredible bird species, with more than 650 recorded. For botanists, the gorgeous wildflowers of the forests and mountains are complemented by numerous orchid species in Nyungwe Forests.

Discover this incredible country for yourself on one of our private Rwanda tours!


 History of Rwanda

Rwanda’s human history is thought to have begun after the last ice age. Kingdoms were formed and settlements were organized.

Rwanda was visited by German Count Von Goetzen in 1894 and European missionaries followed. Five years later, the country became a German protectorate.

The Belgians took control of Rwanda in 1915 after the First World War and divided the country into three groups: potters (Twa), farmers (Hutu) and cattle breeders (Tutsi).

A national ethnic identity card was introduced two decades later that reflected which group an individual belonged to. This card played a key part in one of modern Africa’s saddest times.

In 1959 the Hutu majority, supported by Belgium, overthrew what had been a Tutsi monarchy. Many Rwandans were killed or fled the country during this uprising.

Rwanda obtained its independence in 1962, but the existing tension of ethnic division led to a 100 days genocide in 1994. This started when a plane carrying Rwanda’s president was shot down. The Hutu and the national army struck back at the Tutsi people.

Rwanda’s genocide, that took the lives of 800,000 Tutsis and Hutu sympathizers, ended when a military group of exiled Tutsis, known as the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), slowly took over the country.

Today, the country is peaceful and many of the two million citizens who had fled to neighboring countries have returned to their land. Tourism in Rwanda has increased, especially due to the opportunities for gorilla trekking in Rwanda.

 Rwanda's Culture

The culture of Rwanda is seen best during its many festivals, ceremonies and storytelling.

Intore (translated as the Chosen Ones), is Rwanda’s most famous traditional dance, comprising of females doing ballet, men doing a dance of heroes and a group of drummers.

Drums are considered very important in the culture as royal drummers were given high status in the court of the mwami (chief).

Music these days has been influenced by American hip-hop and R&B but also has traditional Congolese and East African elements in it.

The crafts scene is also popular, and during one of our Rwanda tours you can observe the beautiful skill of basket weaving, or imigongo, a unique artwork made from cow dung mixed with naturally colored soils!

Kinyarwanda is the official language and native tongue of most Rwandans but most people also speak a secondary language, such as French, English or Kiswahili.

The majority of Rwandans are Christian (primarily Catholic) although many people also value their traditional beliefs and informal ceremonies are still held to worship the Imana (creator).

 Cuisine in Rwanda

Traditionally, the food that was eaten would depend on which ethnic group a community belonged to.

Today, Rwandan cuisine tends to focus around bananas, plantains, cassava and pulses, but there is a high consumption of dairy products also.

During one of our Rwanda tours you will notice the presence of the ubiquitous potato, which was introduced by colonists. Today, potatoes have become a staple ingredient in some of the national dishes of Rwanda.

Traditionally women were not permitted to eat goat meat. It was thought that it would make a woman stubborn and that she would grow hairs on her chin!

Meat is not usually eaten by the Rwandans more than a few times a month.

Only men drink alcohol, and their poison of choice is usually a locally produced beer.

Snacking between mealtimes is a part of the culture of Rwanda – and it is usually tropical fruits, or streetside roasted corn or barbequed meat in the cities.

Do try some of the traditional dishes of Rwanda:

  • Umutsima: a cassava and corn dish
  • Isombe: cassava leaves cooked with eggplant and spinach
  • Mizuzu: fried plantains.
  • Tilipapa: a type of grilled/fried fish mostly found around Lake Kivu.
  • Brochettes: your choice of meat /fish (often goat) on a skewer, served with rice or chips
  • Matoke: cooked plantain, that tastes a little like potatoes


Top Rwanda Travel Tips – Cuisine:

  • Try urwagwa, an alcoholic drink brewed from plantains or ikigage, made from dry sorghum. Alternatively, opt for the popular beers of Primus and Mutzig.
  • Eating in public is considered rude in Rwandan culture. Even grown adults will not eat in front of their in-laws or children.
  • Adults do not eat sweets and therefore, it is considered insulting if you offer cake or chocolate as a gift during your tour of Rwanda.
  • Being fat is considered positive in Rwandan culture, so if someone pays you the compliment that you have grown fat, don’t take offence.


The Enchanting Travels team look forward to helping you plan your private and tailor-made Rwanda tours. 

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